Pathogenesis, symptoms and recognitionThe plague as a biological weapon
Plague bacteria are classified as “classical” arsenal of biological weapons. Their importance stems from the rarity of plague in developed countries, a fairly high mortality and universal sensitivity of the population. The first known case of their use is the siege of the Crimean port of Kaffa (now Feodosia) by the Tatars in 1346. Besiegers with catapults threw the walls of the city corpses of the dead from the disease (refugees from the city spread the epidemic throughout Europe). Criminal experiments of plague as a weapon bacteriological led the Japanese military during the years 1937-1945 in the unit “731” in Manchuria, led by the Japanese. Military doctor, General. Ishiiego Shiro (1892-1959). In this unit, including They developed a special porcelain bombs designed to spread infected fleas. During the Cold War they were led by the Soviet Union and the United States research on varieties of plague bacilli that may be used as a biological weapon.